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Women gather and pray just outside the entry on the Muslim holiday of Idul Adha. Aceh the most devout Muslim provinces in Indonesia and in the grip of a violent yet hidden war between military soldiers and rebels of the Free Aceh Movement. At least 18,000 people died, thousands more have "disappeared" and many of the victims are civilians caught in the crossfire.
Qadaradmadi Rasyid and Rajif Fandi, both 11, are held in an emotional embrace at a protest demanding an independence referendum vote. Separatist conflict has defined Aceh for over 30 years, led by the rebels of the Free Aceh Movement, or GAM.
Indonesia's Special Forces soldiers, known as Kopassus, line up for drills at headquarters outside Jakarta. Kopassus troops operating in Aceh were especially feared for extreme human rights abuses during the Suharto era.
Husna Ridha, 40, comforted by niece Nur Arafah, 24, recovers from four gunshot wounds after Indonesian police inexplicably fired on the family vehicle outside Banda Aceh.
This man displays a scar resulting from a gunshot wound and severe beating he received at the hands of Indonesia's security forces during the era known as DOM, a ten-year intensive anti-separatist military operation.
An older woman stands among the charred remains of her home in Desa Juli. The village was set ablaze twice in 14 months by the Indonesian military as they attempted to root out rebels of the Free Aceh Movement.
Children in Aceh are caught in a cycle of violence. This young boy plays—ironically with a toy gun—among the ruins of his village, which military forces have burned down twice in 14 months in an attempt to root out Free Aceh rebels.
Women examine a photo album containing images of ten recovered bodies, all victims of a military sweeping operation in the village of Cot Baru. The men's bodies showed signs of torture and were badly mutilated.
Nur Arafah, 24, comforts her niece, Ulfa Fitri Yarthi, 12, whose mother sustained four bullet wounds following a random attack on the family car by police forces.
Caught in the crossfire of conflict, many women lost parents, siblings and children. Others were widowed or imprisoned. At this jungle camp in Aceh Besar, young women have decided to join the ranks of rebel soldiers and spend three months training with the armed wing of GAM.
Members of Information Center Referendum for Aceh (SIRA) protest the trial of chairman M. Nazar and are greeted by police in riot gear. Despite the euphoria of democracy that swept the rest of Indonesia, Aceh's security forces still treated activists and demonstrators with a heavy hand.
Ridwal Hajiyahah, 52 was abducted, beaten and tortured with a knife, then left roadside, where local residents found and delivered him to medical help. He claimed his abducters were the para-military Mobile Brigade.
Pro-referendum activist Muhammad Nazar, 28, was arrested, tried and sentenced to jail for "spreading hatred against the government." He is Indonesia's first political prisoner after the fall of long-time dictator Suharto and his case highlighted Indonesia had yet to abandon a legacy of repressive laws against free expression. He went on to become the vice-governor of Aceh, following the 2004 Asian tsunami.
From the window of her Banda Aceh home, this young girl watches as the Police Mobile brigade forces fire on a convoy of civilian ships in the fishing harbor.